The proportion of basin-wide growth occurring within Urban Growth Areas is at least 86.5% (equivalent to all counties exceeding their population growth goals by 3%), with all counties showing an increase over their 2000−2010 percentage.
The 2020 recovery target of 86.5 percent of population growth occurring within UGAs is equivalent to a 3 percent increase in the proportion of new population growth occurring within all Puget Sound UGAs. This target represents an effort to direct more growth to those areas deemed best suited for development, while also respecting that Puget Sound includes very urban as well as very rural counties with very different growth management needs and objectives. Data on the distribution of permits for new development (a proxy for population growth) within five of the 12 Puget Sound counties suggest that the target is achievable.
Washington State Department of Fish and Wildlife, Habitat Program
U.S. Census Data
Washington State Department of Fish and Wildlife
This indicator tracks the proportion of population growth occurring within UGAs. Population growth is used as a surrogate for development activity in the region. Ten-year U.S. Census data are used for this indicator and the analysis will be updated when census data are next available in 2020. In order to generate intermediate measures of population growth distribution and assess progress toward the target, the less precise U.S. Census American Community Survey will be used.
Washington population data, based on 2010 U.S. Census data, was used for the baseline analysis of population growth distribution for UGAs and rural areas between 2000 and 2010 (Table 1). Basin-wide, 83 percent of new population growth from 2000 to 2010 occurred within UGAs. For individual counties, the proportion of growth occurring within UGAs ranged from a low of 28 percent for Mason and Jefferson counties to highs of 92 percent and 101 percent for Snohomish and King counties, respectively.
Data are not currently available to complete a trend analysis of population distribution patterns over the past 10 years. However, the Washington State Department of Commerce has been collecting data on the distribution of permits for new development and a preliminary analysis suggests that growth is increasingly occurring within UGAs. For five central Puget Sound counties, the proportion of permits for new development within UGAs increased at an average rate of 0.85 percent per year from 2003 to 2010. Carried out over 10 years, these permit data suggest an almost 10 percent increase in the proportion of growth going into UGAs in central Puget Sound. While permit activity does not correlate exactly to population increase, these reports provide an indication of progress (in a five-county area) toward the 2020 recovery goal of an increasing proportion of population growth with UGAs.
|County||2010 Population||Total New Population in 2000-2010||Percent of Total Population within UGA in 2010||Percent of New Growth Occurring within UGA in 2000-2010|
|* This number reflects new growth occurring within UGAs and migration of some existing population into UGAs.|
County comprehensive plans designate UGAs for high-density urbanization with the intent to guide as much growth as possible to these areas to support regional and local economies, meet residence needs for a growing population, and be concurrent with infrastructure availability. This indicator therefore provides a measure of the effectiveness of land use policies and programs. It also measures the effectiveness of development practices in directing new development activities within existing urbanized areas and reducing land development pressures on rural and resource lands outside of urbanized areas.
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No Subcategories for this Progress Measure.